Kilauea, Hawaii, USA

Based on visual observations from HVO crews and web camera views, HVO reported that during 18-24 June, lava flowed SE through a lava tube system underneath Kilauea’s Thanksgiving Eve Breakout (TEB) and rootless shield complex to the Waikupanaha ocean entry. Incandescence was occasionally noted from the TEB vent area. The sulfur dioxide emission rate was 1,400 tonnes per day when measured on 18 June; the average background rate was about 2,000 tonnes per day.

During the reporting period, Kilauea summit earthquakes were located beneath Halema’uma’u crater, beneath the summit area, along the Koa’e and S-flank faults, and along the E and SW rift zones. About 100-140 small earthquakes (not located) were detected during 18-21 June. The vent in Halema’uma’u crater continued to produce white plumes with minor ash content that drifted mainly SW. Night-time incandescence was seen at the base of the plume. Seismic tremor was elevated. The sulfur dioxide emission rate was high and fluctuated between 400 and 1,100 tonnes per day when measured during 18-22 June. The background rate is 150-200 tonnes per day.

Source: US Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) – “Reports provided courtesy of the Smithsonian’s Global Volcanism Program and the US Geological Survey’s Volcano Hazards Program.”

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